Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin or when the body is unable to use the insulin that the pancreas produces.

About 90% of diabetic people are type 2 and it is the most common form of diabetes. It mostly appears in over 40 years old people who are overweight and is often related to family history.

Particularities of type 2 diabetes

The pancreas does not secrete enough insulin or the body is unable to use the insulin that the pancreas produces. This phenomenon is also known as “insulin resistance”. If there is not enough insulin, the sugar found in food accumulates in the blood instead of feeding the cells.

When this occurs, you could feel the following symptoms:

  • Intense thirst
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Unexplainable loss of weight
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Slow healing of wounds
  • Repetitive genital infections


A blood test will confirm the presence of type 2 diabetes. But in many cases a lot of people ignore that they suffer from diabetes, because they do not feel any of the above symptoms. Type 2 diabetes is often discovered at a routine check-up.


How can I control type 2 diabetes?

It’s the balance between eating habits, exercise and medication.

Nutrition : Consult your dietician or nutritionist to plan well-balanced meals, eat 3 well-balanced meals per day.

Exercise : Exercise will help you control your blood glucose level. When you increase your physical activity, the insulin that your body is still producing, works more efficiently. This helps you lose weight.

Medication : Your doctor might have to prescribe medication in the form of oral agents (pills) and/or insulin to help you manage your blood glucose level.

Blood glucose self monitory : It is suggested to monitor your blood sugar level at home with a monitor. This will show you how your blood sugar varies. It will help you understand your diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes, is a life-long condition that, if left uncontrolled, can be dangerous for your health. A bad diabetes control can affect your blood circulation (small and big vessels), which can lead to serious complications to the eyes, kidneys, the heart and extremities.

However, even if diabetes cannot be cured, we can control it.

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