Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas completely stops secreting insulin.10% of diabetic people are type 1. It appears suddenly and progresses rapidly. It occurs mostly in children and young adults. The real cause of type 1diabetes remains unknown. However certain risk factors can influence the development of diabetes: family history, viral infections or a weak immune system.

Particularities of type 1 diabetes

The pancreas completely stops secreting insulin. The glucose (sugar) can no longer penetrate the cells, because there is no insulin available to “open the door”. Glucose then accumulates in the blood, increasing the sugar level. The body can no longer use the sugar as an energy source.

If this happens, you could feel the following symptoms:

  • Intense thirst
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Exaggerated hunger
  • Rapid loss of weight


Type 1 diabetes requires daily insulin injections. By controlling your blood glucose, these symptoms will disappear and you will feel better.


How to control type 1 diabetes?

Balance between good eating habits, exercise and insulin.

Nutrition : Take 3 well balanced and healthy meals per day and snacks to regulate the blood glucose level.

Exercise : Physical exercise will help you control your blood glucose level and will help your body respond better to insulin.

Insulin : With the help of your doctor, establish the best moment to have your insulin injections. You have a choice between conventional or intensive treatment.

Blood glucose self-monitoring : Take your blood sugar level at home with the help of a monitor. A good blood glucose control is very important.Type 1 diabetes is a life-long condition that can be health threatening if not treated properly.A bad diabetes control can affect your circulation (small and big vessels), which could lead to serious complications to the eyes, kidneys, the heart and extremities.

This is why it is so important to understand your diabetes.

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