Diabetes

Do you have diabetes?

Êtes-vous à risque?

6% of the population is diabetic and half of them don’t know it.  Undetected or uncontrolled diabetes can have disastrous consequences.You may be diabetic without knowing it. In the Province of Quebec, 650 000 people are diabetic and from that number, 200,000 people don’t know it yet. Most people have type 2 diabetes, which is the most silent type. It can be hiding for years before being detected, and still causing health problems over that period of time.

Results of uncontrolled diabetes can be a stroke, amputation of a limb and blindness.

The only way to make sure that you don’t have it is by getting blood work done by our doctor. Clinical Practice Guidelines for the prevention and management of diabetes in Canada, recommend that people over 40 years old get tested on a regular basis every 3 years. Tests should be done more frequently on people who represent a risk.

Some people are more at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The following questionnaire will help you determine if you are at risk. People of Aboriginal, Hispanic of America, African or Asian or South Asian descent, should keep a watchful eye on their results, because it is shown that a higher percentage of people from these populations are affected with diabetes.

Questionnaire:

  1. If your weight is equal or higher to the weight indicated for your height in the following chart, give yourself 5 points
Height (inches/centimeters) without shoes Weight (pounds/kilos) without clothes
58/147 129/59
59/150 133/60
60/152 138/63
61/155 143/65
62/157 147/67
63/160 152/69
64/163 157/71
65/165 162/73
66/168 167/76
67/170 172/78
68/173 177/80
69/175 182/83
70/178 188/85
71/180 193/87
72/183 199/90
73/185 204/92
74/188 210/95
75/190 216/98
76/193 221/100
  1. If you’re under 64 years old and that you seldom exercise or not at all, on a regular basis (at least 3 times per week), give yourself 5 points.
  2. If you are between 45 and 64 years old, give yourself 5 points.
  3. If you are over 65 years old, add 9 points.
  4. If you are a female that gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4kg) at birth, give yourself 1 point.
  5. If one of your siblings is diabetic, give yourself 1 point.
  6. If one of your close family members is diabetic, give yourself 1 point.

Total points between 3 and 9:

You are in the low risk category. Keep being watchful, especially if you are over 40 years old, suffer from obesity or are overweight, that your ancestors are part of the higher risk groups like the Aboriginal, Hispanic, African, Asian or South Asian ethnics.

Total points over 9:

You are at risk of becoming diabetic. Know how to recognize the symptoms:

  • Unusual fatigue
  • Extreme thirst
  • More frequent need to urinate
  • Unusual weight loss

Consult your doctor for a blood test.

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